Different Types of Winter Sports

Winter sports are those sports whose practice is related to snow or ice, either in natural conditions or artificially propagated. They are usually practiced during the winter months, hence their name.

  1. Skiing

Alpine skiing is one of the modes of the sport known as skiing. It began to be practiced in the Alps. Hence it receives this name. In competitions, the aim is to make the descent in the shortest possible time, following a winding route marked by individual beacons called Doors.

  1. Snowboarding

Snowboarding or snowboarding surfing is the most practiced extreme sport in the world, where a snowboard is used to slide on a snow-covered slope. The necessary equipment for practicing it is the table above, snowboarding fixations, and boots. It became an Olympic winter sport in 1998. Vote your favorite winter sport among the top. Winter sports are those sports whose practice is related to snow or ice, one either in natural conditions or artificially propagated. They are usually practiced during the winter months, hence their name.

  1. Art Ice skating

Ice skating consists of playing on music skating on an ice rink, performing pirouettes, jumps, and stunts twists. These elements are valued by judges following a scoring code that takes into account both the technical and athletic aspect of the performance and the artistic production. Although recreational skating has been practiced for several centuries, figure skating emerged in the 19th century and underwent several technical and stylistic developments until it reached its present form.

The International Union of ice skating organizes international competitions in the modalities of individual figure skating, couples skating, ice dancing and synchronized skating. Ice skating is a winter sport, although it is usually practiced throughout the year. Competition skating requires proper physical preparation and intensive training.

  1. Bobsleigh

Bobsleigh or bobsled is an Olympic Winter Sport that, together with luge and skeleton, represents different modes of sleigh descent.

Like the luge and skeleton, its origin is situated in the Swiss Alps at the end of the 19th century. Specifically, the world’s first bobsleigh club was founded in 1897 in St. Louis. Moritz, Switzerland and from there it spread to other parts of Europe. The first competitions we may consider official date back to 1914. The International Bobsleigh Federation was founded in 1923.

In the bobsleigh, there are two modes, the bobs a two and the bows a 4 (there is no individual bobsleigh). The first World Championships were held in 1924, only for bows a 4, while in 1931 the bows a two was already included.

However, the main advances came in the field of materials, in two aspects: the new steel sleds and fiberglass for the manufacture of which the latest technological advances in aerodynamics are used, and not least, the artificial slopes in which you can reach genuinely incredible speeds, with which the first practitioners of this sport could never have dreamed. The ice tracks have narrow, tortuous and pearly paths, with a certain number of turns to the right and left.

  1. Ski jump

The ski jump is an Olympic Winter Sport that consists of descending on skis by a ramp to catch speed and then start the flight to land as far away as possible.

Ski jumps are one of the most spectacular tests in winter sports and are attractive even to those who are not very fond of these sports.

It is a test that has an excellent technical difficulty and therefore requires a lot of preparation, as the skier not only has to jump as far as possible but must do so safely and land safely. An accident would not only subtract his score but often have tragic consequences for the sportsman. As if that were not enough, during the flight you should take care of the harmony and aesthetics of the movement, as in addition to the distance some judges will value the style, influencing both factors in the final score.

  1. Snowmobiles

A snowmobile or snowmobile is a ground vehicle powered by a single track wheel with skis on the sides for handling. They are designed to be operated on snow or ice, without requiring any kind of road. Most snowmobiles are powered by a two-stroke engine, although four-stroke cycle engines are becoming increasingly popular. Although they are not designed to do this, the snowmobiles can even be conducted through the top layer of the water if the speed is high enough.

  1. Cross-country skiing

The cross-country skiing’, Nordic skiing or cross country skiing began to be used as a means of transportation in the Nordic countries, whose soil is covered with snow the more significant part of the year.

Previously, only the use of snowshoes was known, which, increasing the support surface, overcame the greatest obstacle to walking on snow, such as the fact of “”sinking”” into it, sometimes so profoundly that it prevents us from moving forward. Maintaining the principle of increasing the support surface, the skis are also able to take advantage of the sliding characteristics of the frozen surfaces, providing for this purpose an smooth and waterproof “”sole.”” Its elongated shape makes it easier to stand, and the use of canes allows to push forward using a non-slider element.

  1. Skeleton

The skeleton is a Winter Olympic sport that, together with the bobsleigh and luge, represents different modalities of sleigh descent.

The skeleton is the oldest of the three. He was born as such at the end of the NINETEENTH century in St. Moritz, Switzerland when an Englishman named Child introduced a new metal sleigh whose shape reminded of a human skeleton, hence its name.

As in the luge and the bobsleigh it is essential to exit, which has to be explosive to gain speed as soon as possible, hence the use of special footwear with maximum adhesion. Once reached speed in the first 50 meters, the pilot-slide is placed face down on the sled, making its position as aerodynamic and flat as possible.

  1. Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is a sport played 12 players with skates divided into two teams playing on an ice rink. The goal is to direct a rubber disc with a long stick to try to score in the opponent’s goal. In the end, the team that scored the most goals wins.

This variant of hockey is characterized by being a physical sport; players can carry out body loads on the opponent to try to take control of the disc, so they are usually equipped with all kinds of protections. It is also one of the fastest games, because the friction of the drive and the skates on the ice is minimal, and one of the few sports that allow you to make changes of players in an unrestricted manner and without the need to interrupt the game.

It was invented in the late 19th century in Canada, where it is its national sport.1 also, it is also quite popular in the United States, Sweden, Finland, Central Europe, and Russia, and is even considered to be the main hockey variant in countries of the northern hemisphere with cold climates. Its main governing body at the international level is the International Ice Hockey Federation.

  1. Sledge Descent

A sleigh is a vehicle with skis or blades instead of wheels. It is used as a means of transport on low-friction surfaces such as snow or ice, but any sliding surface is suitable as long as it is not too dry. In some cases, river boulders or wet sand can be a suitable surface for sliding sleds.

With gravity as the only propulsion force, a sleigh can also slide downhill as a fun object. Transport sleigh using reindeer from the early 20th century. Sleds can be thrown by animals, usually horses, mules, oxen, or dogs. They can also be pushed or thrown away by people like children in their games or parents pulling their children. The sleds drawn by humans were means of transport conventional in the exploratory expeditions of British to the arctic and Antarctic in the 19th century and beginning of the TWENTIETH century. Many others used dog groups such as Roald Amundsen. Today some travelers use comets to tow sleds in those latitudes.”